To know about Islam

Month: March 2012

Zakat

Zakat

All things belong to God, and wealth is therefore held by

human beings in trust. The original

meaning of the word zakat is both

‘purification’ and ‘growth.’ Giving

zakat means ‘giving a specified percentage

on certain properties to certain

classes of needy people.’ The

percentage which is due on gold, silver,

and cash funds that have reached

the amount of about 85 grams of gold and held in possession for

one lunar year is two and a half percent. Our possessions are

purified by setting aside a small portion for those in need, and, like

the pruning of plants, this cutting back balances and encourages

new growth.

A person may also give as much as he or she pleases as

voluntary alms or charity.

Whom can you Marry?

Islamic law has placed certain restrictions on the choice of your spouse depending upon blood relationships and religious affiliations.

(a) Restrictions based on Relationship

There are certain blood relations which are considered haraam for you as far as marriage is concerned. (As a general rule, anyone who is your mahram is forbidden to you for marriage.) The list of such relatives is given in the Qur’an as follows:

For Man: mother, daughter, paternal aunt, maternal aunt, niece, foster-mother, foster-sister, mother-in-law, step-daughter, daughter-in-law, all married women, sister-in-law (as a 2nd wife) (See the Qur’an, ch. 4, verse 23-24)

For Woman: father, son, paternal uncle, maternal uncle, nephew, foster-mother’s husband, foster-brother, father-in-law, stepson, son-in-law.

(b) Restrictions based on Religion

A Muslim man can marry: a Muslim woman and a non- Muslim woman. However, if there is danger of being misled, then it is haraam.

He can also marry a Jewish or Christian woman in mut’a only. But he cannot marry a woman of any other faith.

A Muslim woman can marry: a  Muslim man or a non- Muslim man, although it is better not to do so; and if there is danger of being misled, then it is haraam. But she cannot marry a non-Muslim man.

(c) Cousin Marriages

Though Shariah does not forbid marriage between first cousins, but there are opinions advocating against them mainly due to a probable risk of the offspring inheriting genetic defects/diseases.

The Scientific Miracles in the Holy Qur’an

The Scientific Miracles in the Holy Qur’an

The Qur’an is the literal word of God, which He revealed to

His Prophet Muhammad  through the Angel Gabriel. It was memorized by Muhammad , who then dictated it to his Companions. They, in turn, memorized it, wrote it down, and reviewed it with the Prophet Muhammad. Moreover, the Prophet Muhammad reviewed the Qur’an with the Angel Gabriel once each year and twice in the last year of his life. From the time the Qur’an was revealed, until this day, there has always been a huge number of Muslims who have memorized all of the Qur’an, letter by letter. Some of them have even been able to memorize all of the Qur’an by the age of ten.

Not one letter of the Qur’an has been changed over the centuries. The Qur’an, which was revealed fourteen centuries ago, mentioned facts only recently discovered or proven by scientists. This proves without doubt that the Qur’an must be the literal word of God, revealed by Him to the Prophet Muhammad , and that the Qur’an was not authored by Muhammad  or by any other human
being. This also proves that Muhammad  is truly a prophet sent by God. It is beyond reason that anyone fourteen hundred years ago would have known these facts discovered or proven only recently with advanced equipment and sophisticated scientific methods.

ISLAM

Any person who believes in Islam is called a Muslim. Muslims believe in submission to the will of Allah (Arabic for God). The will of Allah was made known to his prophet Muhammad. The messages given to Muhammad are recorded in the Qur’an (sometimes known as the Koran) and is considered to be the declaration of Allah’s will. The Qur’an is written in Arabic so Muslims learn to read the Qur’an in Arabic even if they live in a non-Arabic speaking country. Even though the Qur’an has been translated into many different languages it is considered more appropriate to read the Qur’an in Arabic as this is exactly the way Allah revealed his will to Muhammad. To Muslims Allah is considered the sole God, Creator, Sustainer and Restorer of the world.

Muslims believe that Islam began when God created Adam and Eve. As disbelief (kufr) increased God sent many thousands of messengers or prophets to the world to guide mankind to become righteous and true Muslims. Prophets included Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. The final and most important prophet was Muhammad in the 7th Century AD who was entrusted with the mission of spreading Islam by God’s revelations which are now know as the Qur’an.

Islam has many followers throughout the world with the majority in the Middle East, parts of Africa and Europe, western Asia such as Pakistan and Afghanistan as well as south east Asia, particularly Indonesia. As these are very different cultures Islam may be expressed differently, showing the diversity of different countries. Muslims have common beliefs and a sense of responsibility to the teachings of the Qur’an and to Islamic law.

Islam is a religion but can also cover all aspects of society particularly in some countries that are Islamic states. There are currently 57 member states of the OIC (Organisation of the Islamic Conference). People who are non Muslims (unbelievers) may be persecuted in some Islamic countries while other countries have an official policy and practice of multiculturalism. Some Muslims see Islam as a ‘holy struggle’ or jihad to take Islam to the rest of the world.

Muslims have five basic duties, the Five Pillars of Islam. They are:

• the declaration of faith (Shahadah),

• five prescribed daily prayers (Salat),

• contributions to charity (Zakat),

• fasting during the month of Ramadan (Sawm)

• a pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj).

The drinking of alcohol and using recreational drugs is forbidden as is immoral behaviour. Muslims dress modestly. They do not gamble. They do not eat pork.

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