To know about Islam

Month: April 2012


                     If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for ‘Umrah, he should take off his clothing and bathe as he would in order to purify himself from a state of Janaabah13 if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best perfume he can find14. There is no harm in what remains of it on his body after wearing the Ihraam. Bathing for Ihraam is Sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. After bathing and preparing himself, a pilgrim, other than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer if it is its time. Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rak‘ahs of wudoo´.

When he finishes the prayer, he should say [the Talbiyyah]:

“Labbaika ‘Umratan. Labbaik-Allaahumma labbaik.

Labbaika laa shareeka laka labbaik. Inn-al-hamda wanni’mata

laka wal-mulk. Laa shareeka lak.”

“Here I am at your service for ‘Umrah. Here I am at

your service, Oh Allah, here I am at your service. Here I

am at your service. You have no partner. Here I am at

your service. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is

yours, and you have no partner.”

A man should raise his voice when saying this, while a woman should only say it loud enough that the person beside her may hear.

One in Ihraam should say the Talbiyyah as often as possible, especially when times and places change, such as when descending or ascending during travel or when day or night approach. He should also ask Allah for His pleasure, for Heaven, and seek refuge in Allah’s mercy from Hellfire. One should say the Talbiyyah during ‘Umrah, starting from the time he puts on his Ihraam till he starts Tawaaf. During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on his Ihraam till he starts to stone Jamrah al-’Aqabah on the day of Eid. When a pilgrim enters the Holy Masjid, he puts forth his right foot first and says:

“Bismillahi, was-Salaatu was-Salaamu ‘alaa rasoolillaah.

Allahumm-aghfir li, waftahli abwaaba rahmatik.

A‘oodhu billah-il-‘Adheem, wa bi wajhih-il-Kareem, wa

bi sultaanih-il-Qadeem min ash-Shaytaan-ir-Rajeem.”

“In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon

the Messenger of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins

and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in

Allah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His

Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan.”

He should approach the Black Stone, touch it with his right hand and kiss it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it [with his hand]. It is best not to push, shove, and crowd, causing harm and being harmed by other people.

When touching the Stone, the pilgrim should say the following:

 “Bismillahi, Allahu Akbar. Allahumma Eemaanan bika

wa tasdeeqan bi kitaabik, wa wafaa`an bi ‘ahdik, wattibaa’an

li sunnati nabiyyika Muhammad.

“In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah,

with faith in You, belief in Your Book, loyalty to you, and

in compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad.

The pilgrim must then walk [around the Ka’bah], keeping it on his left (counter clockwise). When he reaches the Rukn al-Yamani (the Yemeni Corner – the corner before the corner of the Black Stone) he should touch, but not kiss it, saying:

 “Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanah, wa fil-aakhirati

hasanah, wa qinaa ‘adhaab-an-naar. Allahumma inni

as`aluka al-‘afwa wal-‘aafiyyah fid-dunyaa walaakhirah.”

“Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the

hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell

fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health

and safety in this life and in the Hereafter.”

Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say, “Allahu Akbar.” During the remainder of his Tawaaf, he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of the Qur`aan. This is because the Tawaaf, the Sa’yi, and the stoning of the Jamaraat have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allah. During this Tawaaf it is necessary for men to do two things:

1. Al-Idtibaa’ from the beginning of Tawaaf until the end. Al- Idtibaa’ means placing the middle of one’s Ridaa’under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder (thus uncovering his right shoulder). When he is finished performing Tawaaf, he may return his Ridaa’ to its original state because the time for Idtibaa’ is only during Tawaaf.

2. Ar-Raml during the first three circuits. Ar-Raml means to speed up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits. When he completes seven circuits of Tawaaf, he should approach the Maqam Ibraaheem [Station of Ibraaheem] and recite:

 “Wat-takhidhu mim-maqaami Ibraaheema Musallaa.”

“And take the station of Ibraaheem as a place of Prayer.”

[Surah al-Baqarah (2):125]

He prays two short Rak‘ahs, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibraahim. During the first Rak‘ah, he should recite

Surah al-Kaafiroon [Surah 109], and during the second Rak‘ah Surah al-lkhlaas [Surah 112]. When he completes the two Rak‘ahs, he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He should then proceed to the Mas‘aa18, and when he nears as-Safaa, he should recite:

“Innas-Safaa wal-Marwata min Sha‘aa`ir-illah.”

“Verily As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines

of Allah.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):158]

He should ascend as-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka’bah. Facing the Ka’bah and raising his hands, he should praise Allah and make any supplications he wishes. The Prophet prayed thus:

 “Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahulmulku

wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay`in qadeer.

Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdahu, anjaza wa’dah, wa

nasara ‘abdah, wa hazam-al-ahzaaba wahdah.”

“Abda`u bimaa bada`u bih-illaah.”

“I start with that with which Allah started.”

 “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.”

 “There is no Deity worthy of worship but Allah alone,

without any partners, His is all dominion and praise, and

He is Able to do all things. There is no Deity worthy of

worship but Allah alone, without any partners, He fulfilled

His promise, brought victory to His slave, and single-

handedly defeated the allied forces [who fought

against the Prophet.”

                                         He would say this three times, supplicating [with what he willed] in between. He should descend from as-Safaa and head for al-Marwah at a normal pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run as fast as he is able until he reaches the next green marker. He continues toward al-Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he should ascend it, face the Qiblah , raise his hands and repeat what he said on as-Safaa. He should then descend al- Marwah and head towards as-Safaa, taking care to walk where walking is designateds and to run where running is designated. He continues this procedure until he completes seven circuits. Going from as-Safaa to al-Marwah is considered to be one circuit and returning is another. During his Sa’yi, he may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of Qur`aan, and mentioning of Allah. Upon completion of the Sa’yi, he should shave his head. A woman should clip her hair the length of a finger tip.

Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near and there is not sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case, it is best to clip so that hair will remain for shaving during Hajj. With that, the ‘Umrah is completed, and a pilgrim is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, [and all other things which were prohibited for him during Ihraam].

The Hajj

In the forenoon of the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah, the pilgrim should purify himself once again by bathing, as he did before ‘Umrah, in the place where he is staying if convenient. He should put on his Ihraam and say:
لبيك اللهم حجا. لبيك اللهم لبيك. لبيك لا شريك لك لبيك. إن
الحمد والنعمة لك والملك. لا شريك لك.
“Labbaika Hajjan. Labbaik-Allahumma Labbaik. Labbaika
laa shareeka laka labbaik. Inn-al-hamda wanni’mata
laka wal-mulk. Laa shareeka lak.”
“Here I am at your service for Hajj. Here I am at your service, oh Allah, here I am at your service. Here I am at your service. You have no partner. Here I am at your service. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partners.”
If he fears that something will prevent him from completing his
Hajj he should make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying:
« و إن حبسني حابس، فمحلي من حيث حبستني »
“Wa in habasani haabisun, fa mahalli haythu habastani.”
“If I am prevented by any obstacle, my place is wherever
I am held up.”
If he has no such fear, he does not make this condition.
A pilgrim should then proceed to Minaa, and there he should pray the Dhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, ‘Ishaa and Fajr prayer, shortening his four unit prayers so as to make them two units each, but without combining them.
When the sun rises, he should proceed to ‘Arafah, and there he should combine the Dhuhr and ‘Asr prayer at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two units. He should remain in the Masjid of Namirah until sunset if possible. He should mention Allah and make as many supplications as possible while facing the Qiblah.
The Prophet  prayed thus:
لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير
“Laa Ilaaha ill-Allah wahdahu laa shareeka lah. Lah-ul-
Mulku wa lah-ul-hamd, wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shay`in
“There is no Deity but Allah alone. He has no partner.
All dominion and praise are His, and He is powerfulover all things.”
If he grows weary, it is permissible for him to engage in beneficial conversation with his companions or reading what he can find of beneficial books, especially those concerning Allah’s Grace and abundant gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allah.
He should then return to his supplications and be sure to spend the end of the day deep in supplication because the best of supplication
is the supplication of the day of Arafah.
At sunset he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah, and there prays Maghrib, ‘Ishaa, and Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible for him to combine the Maghrib and ‘Ishaa prayers.
If he fears that he will not reach Muzdalifah until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it for it is not permissible to delay ‘Ishaa prayer until after midnight. He should remain there in Muzdalifah, making supplication and mentioning Allah till just
before sunrise. If he is weak and cannot handle the crowd during ar-Ramy, it is permissible for him to go to Minaa at the end of the night to stone the Jamrah before the arrival of the crowd.
Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes from Muzdalifah to Minaa. Upon reaching it he should do the following.
a) He should throw seven consecutive pebbles at Jamrah al- ‘Aqabah which is the closest monument to Makkah, saying, “Allahu Akbar,” with each throw.
b) He should slaughter the sacrificial animal, eat some of it, and give some to the poor. Slaughtering is obligatory on the Mutamati’ and the Qaarin.
c) He should shave or clip his hair, while shaving is preferable. A woman should clip her hair the length of a finger tip.
These three should be done in the above order if convenient, but there is no restriction if one precedes another. With that, one is allowed to come out of Ihraam. He may wear other clothing and do everything that was lawful before the Ihraam, except engaging in marital relations.
He should then go to Makkah to perform Tawaaf al-Ifaadah and the Sa’yi of Hajj [if he had not performed the Sa’yi of Hajj upon entering Makkah]. It is Sunnah to perfume oneself on before going to Makkah. With the completion of this Tawaaf and Sa’yi, a pilgrim is allowed to do everything that was lawful before Ihraam, including engaging in marital relations.
After performing Tawaaf and Sa’yi, he should return to Minaa to spend the nights of the eleventh and twelfth days there.

He stones the three Jamaraat in the afternoon of both the eleventh and twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is furthest from Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly Jamrah al- ‘Aqabah. Each one should be stoned consecutively with seven
pebbles, accompanied by the Takbeer. He should stop after the first and middle Jamrah to make supplication while facing the
Qiblah. It is not permissible to stone before noon on these two days. It is also best to walk to the Jamrah, but riding is permissible.
If one is in a hurry after the stoning on the twelfth day, he may leave Minaa before sunset. But if they wish to prolong their stay,
which is best, they should spend the night of the thirteenth in Minaa and stone the Jamaraat that afternoon in the same manner
as on the twelfth day. When they are ready to return to their country, they should make
Tawaaf al-Wadaa’, which is seven circuits around the Ka’bah. Menstruating women and women experiencing postnatal discharge
are not obligated to perform Tawaaf al-Wadaa’.

Istisqaa (prayer for rain)

                       Oh Allah, I ask for your forgiveness (repeated nine times). Oh Allah! The Living,
The Self-subsisting, The Eternal, I ask for your forgiveness and I turn repentant unto
All due praise to Allah, The All Rich, The All Glorious, The Absolute, does whatever
He pleases Him and controls whatever He wants. He is the One that sends down
rain (even) after (men) have given up all hope and scatters His Mercy (far and
wide). And He is the Protector Worthy Of all Praise.” (Ashura: ٢٨). I praise Allah
as is befitting to His generosity and thank Him for His limitless grace. I bear witness
that there is no deity but Allah Alone, Who has no Associate.
By His mercy rains fall; by His will rivers flow and seas roll, and by His grace the
day and night declare praise and glory. I also bear witness that our Master
Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger and dearest servant, the envoy of mercy and the
emblem of wisdom.
We ask Allah, the most gracious, to grant His blessings upon our Master
Muhammad (pbuh), the bearer of Allah’s noble message, his family, his companions
and all those who will follow them in righteousness until the Day of Judgment.
O Servants of Allah!
I urge you and myself to be ever God-conscious and to construct your lives in the
shadow of divine obedience for Allah, the Almighty, says, “O ye who believe! Fear
Allah, and let every soul look to what (provision) He has sent forth for the
morrow. Yea, fear Allah. for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.” (Al
Hashr: ١٨).
Dear Believers,
Water is one of the greatest divine blessings, one that makes every living creature.
Allah, The Most High, says, “We made out of water every living thing. Will they
not, then, begin to believe?” (Al Anbiyaa: ٣٠)
Allah has made water available in rivers, some out of springs and wells, and other by
His mercy falls as rain. Allah, the Almighty and Glorious is He, says, “Seest thou
not that Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then
makes them into a heap?― then wilt thou see rain issue forth from their midst.
And He sends down from the sky mountain masses (of clouds) wherein is hail:
He strikes therewith whom He pleases and He turns it away from whom He
pleases. The vivid flash of its lightning well-nigh blinds the sight.” (Annoor: ٤٣).
Allah, the Greatest, sends the rain to whom He wishes of His servants, and likewise
prevents it from whom He wants. By doing this, Allah, the Most High, conveys a message: His servants should seek his repentance and forgiveness, for the Almighty
informs us: “And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to
Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your
strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers in the
Oneness of Allah).” (Hud: ٥٢).
Yet water may be withdrawn because of people committing sins. Prophet Musa
(Moses) (pbuh) prayed once for water for the sake of his people, but rain did not
come because there was a wrongdoer amongst them. When he asked Allah for the
reason, he was told that there was one person causing the rain not to fall. Then Musa
addressed his community and asked the unknown sinner amongst them to leave so as
not to continue depriving the people from water. The person in concern, out of fear
of being exposed, asked Allah’s forgiveness. As he was genuine in his repentance
the rain fell immediately.
Intrigued, Musa wanted to know who was the wrongdoer, but Allah told him, “I had
concealed his misdeeds while he was sinner, and how would I expose him now while
he repents.”
As such, We need to turn to Allah to supplicate to him and praise him. We also need
to be generous and give charity because it can greatly help in bringing rain. Abu
Huraira reported on Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as saying: “While a person was in
the wilderness he heard a voice from the cloud (commanding it thus): Irrigate the
garden of so and so. (After that the clouds slinked aside and poured water on a stony
ground. It filled a channel amongst the channels of that land and that person followed
that water and he found a person standing in the garden busy in changing the course
of water with the help of a hatchet.
He said to him: Servant of Allah, what is your name? he said: So and so. And it was
that very name which he had heard from the clouds. and he said to him: Servant of
Allah, why do you ask me my name? He said: I heard a voice from the clouds of
which It is the downpour, saying: Water the garden of so and to. like your name.
What do you do (for the favour) shown to you by Allah in this matter? He said: Now
as you state so. I look what yield I get from it and I give one−third as charity out of it
and I and my children eat one−third of it and one−third I return to it as investment.”
Dear Muslims,
Truly, being on the right path and consistently indulging in acts of worship lead to
Allah’s reward and mercy, for The Almighty says, “If they (non-Muslims) had
believed in Allah, and went on the Right Way (i.e. Islam) We should surely have
bestowed on them water (rain) in abundance.” (Al Jinn: ١٦).
We therefore have to observe Salat (prayer) at its times as enjoined upon us by Allah,
the Most High, and give Zakat when due. We have also to fulfil promises and
people’s rights, and be pious and obedient to Allah, the Most Exalted for He says
“And ordain for us that which is good, in this life and in the Hereafter: for we
have turned unto Thee.” He said: “My mercy extendeth to all things. That
(mercy) I shall ordain for those who do right, and practise regular charity, and
those who believe in Our signs.” (Al Aaraf: ١٥٦). Allah, the Almighty, also says in
the same Sura “If the people of the towns had but believed and feared Allah, We
should indeed have opened out to them (All kinds of) blessings from heaven and
earth; but they rejected (the truth), and We brought them to book for their
misdeeds.” (٩٦)
Dear Muslims,
We need to relentlessly seek forgiveness because it is a cause of the descent of rain
and the engineering of land. Allah, the Almighty and Glorious is He, says, “I said (to
them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; ‘He will
send rain to you in abundance; ‘And give you increase in wealth and children,
and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.’” (Nuh: ١٠-١٢).
We ask Allah to guide us to be among His pious servants, those who repent and ask
forgiveness and mercy and are rewarded by His blessing, rain.
May Allah help us all to obey Him and those He ordained us to obey, as the Almighty
says: “O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged
with authority among you.” (An-Nisa:٥٩). May Allah bless you and me with the
ability to implement the Holy Quran and the Sunna of His Messenger Muhammad
(pbuh). I say this and ask Allah, the Almighty, to grant us forgiveness. Supplicate to
Allah for forgiveness for He is the Most Forgiving and the Most Merciful.
Second sermon
Oh Allah, I ask for your forgiveness (repeated nine times). Oh Allah! The Living,
The Self-subsisting, The Eternal, I ask for your forgiveness and I turn repentant unto
All praise is due to Allah, The Most Gracious. We ask Him to grant His blessings
upon His Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his family, his companions and all those who
will follow them in righteousness.
Dear Believers,
Our Prophet (pbuh) taught us to resort to Allah, The Most Gracious, at times of
drought to pray for rain. Narrated by Anas bin Malik: Once in the lifetime of the
Prophet (pbuh) the people were afflicted with drought (famine). While the Prophet
was delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a Bedouin stood up and said, “O, Allah’s
Apostle! Our possessions are being destroyed and the children are hungry; Please
invoke Allah (for rain)”.
So the Prophet raised his hands. At that time there was not a trace of cloud in the sky.
By Him in Whose Hands my soul is as soon as he lowered his hands, clouds gathered
like mountains, and before he got down from the pulpit, I saw the rain falling on the
beard of the Prophet. It rained that day, the next day, the third day, the fourth day till
the next Friday.
The same Bedouin or another man stood up and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The houses
have collapsed, our possessions and livestock have been drowned; Please invoke
Allah (to protect us)”. So the Prophet raised both his hands and said, “O Allah!
Round about us and not on us”. So, in whatever direction he pointed with his hands,
the clouds dispersed and cleared away, and Medina’s sky became clear as a hole in
between the clouds. The valley of Qanat remained flooded, for one month, none came
from outside but talked about the abundant rain.”
O Allah, We pray to You to fulfill our wish and not to repel our supplications to You.
You, Who has the pride and glory, The Compassionate, The Most Gracious. O Allah!
You are the Almighty and we are the weak; You are The All Rich, The Independent
and we are the poor, the dependent. O Allah! Give us rain and make of what You
have revealed to us a bountiful capacity and message. O Allah, The Reliever of
distress, The Responsive to the desperate when praying to You, we seek your
repentance and ask your forgiveness for every sin that prevents rain.
O Allah, give us a saving rain, productive, plentiful, continuous. O Allah, we ask
your forgiveness for You are The Ever Forgiving. O Allah, give us from the
blessings of the sky to increase our gratitude as your giving is plentiful and
boundless. O Allah, send upon us helpful, wholesome and healthy rain and do not
make us among the despondent.
O Allah, The Ever Merciful, bestow your mercy, provide water for Your servants
and Your cattle, display Your mercy and give life to Your dead lands. O Allah, let
our crops grow, and let the udders be refilled. Give us from the blessings of the sky
and grow for us from the blessings of the earth, You are the Ever Providing.


The evidence in the Qur’aan and Sunnah indicates that celebrating birthdays is a kind of bid’ah or innovation in religion, which has no basis in the pure sharee’ah. It is not permitted to accept invitations to birthday celebrations, because this involves supporting and encouraging bid’ah. Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

أَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ شَرَعُواْ لَهُمْ مِّنَ ٱلدِّينِ مَا لَمْ يَأْذَن بِهِ ٱللَّهُ وَلَوْلاَ كَلِمَةُ ٱلْفَصْلِ لَقُضِىَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَإِنَّ ٱلظَّالِمِينَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

Or have they partners with Allah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed…?” [al-Shoora 42:21]

“Then We have put you (O Muhammad) on a plain way of (Our) commandment. So follow that, and follow not the desires of those who know not. Verily, they can avail you nothing against Allah (if He wants to punish you). Verily, the zaalimoon (wrongdoers) areawliyaa’ (protectors, helpers, etc.) to one another, but Allah is the Wali (Protector, Helper) of the muttaqoon (pious).” [al-Jaathiyah 45:18-19]

ٱتَّبِعُواْ مَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَلاَ تَتَّبِعُواْ مِن دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَآءَ قَلِيلاً مَّا تَذَكَّرُونَ

Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord, and follow not any awliyaa’(protectors, helpers, etc.) besides Him. Little do you remember!” [al-A’raaf 7:3]

According to saheeh reports, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever does something that is a not part of this matter of ours (i.e., Islam) will have it rejected” (reported by Muslim in his Saheeh); and “The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). The most evil of things are those which have been newly invented (in religion), and every innovation is a going astray.” There are many other haadeeth that convey the same meaning.

Besides being bid’ah and having no basis in sharee’ah, these birthday celebrations also involve imitation of the Jews and Christians in their birthday celebrations. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, warning us against following their ways and traditions: “You would follow the ways of those who came before you step by step, to such an extent that if they were to enter a lizard’s hole, you would enter it too.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah, (do you mean) the Jews and Christians?” He said, “Who else?” (Reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) also said: “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.”


وَأَنْكِحُواْ ٱلأَيَامَىٰ مِنْكُمْ وَٱلصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمائِكُمْ إِن يَكُونُواْ فُقَرَآءَ يُغْنِهِمُ ٱللَّهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ وَٱللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

The Holy Quran says,

And marry those among you who are single and those who are fit among your male slaves and your female slaves; if they are needy, Allah will make them free from want out of His grace; and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing.(Surah Nur 24:32)

The above ayat begins with the words Wa Ankehoo (And marry…) The imperative form of the word ‘nikah’ implies that either it is obligatory or highly recommended. According to scholars, though marriage is a highly recommended act, it becomes obligatory when there is a chance of falling into sin.

The Prophet says, “No house has been built in Islam more beloved in the sight of Allah than through marriage.”

On another occasion the Prophet (s.a.) said,

“The best people of my nation (Ummat) are those who get married and have chosen their wives, and the worst people of my nation are those who have kept away from marriage and are passing their lives as bachelors.”

Imam ‘Ali (a.s.) exhorts, “Marry, because marriage is the tradition of the Prophet.” The Prophet (s.a.) also said, “Whosoever likes to follow my tradition, then he should know that marriage is from my tradition.”


Five Pillars of Islam

1. Imaan: To firmly believe in the heart and declare one’s faith:
There is no one worthy of worship except Allah, and
Muhammad (Sallallaho ‘Alaihi- Wa Sallam) is the
Messenger of Allah.
2. Salat: To pray five times a day
3. Zakat: Giving charity if financially capable
4. Saum: Fasting in the month of Ramadan
5. Hajj: Pilgrimage to Makkah once in a lifetime if one is physically
able and can afford it

Allah’s Governance On Earth

و لقد أھلكنا القرون من قبلكم لما ظلموا و جاءتھم رسلھم بالبینات و ما كانوا لیؤمنوا

كذلك نجزي القوم المجرمین. ثم جعلناكم خلائف في الأرضمن بعدھم لننظر كیف


“We already destroyed nations before you, for they did oppression while theirMessengers came to them with clear evidences and they did not believe. Likewise, We reward the criminal and pagan people. Then We made you the khalaa’if (rulers and judges) in the Earth after them, so thatWe could see how you would work.”

Quran Says about Prayer and Zakah

A— Allah, the Almighty says: {But if they repent and perform

Prayer, and give Zakah, then leave their way free}. (At-Taubah,5)

Allah says: {But if they repent, perform Prayer and give Zakah,

then they are your brethren in religion}. (At-Taubah, 11)

Allah says: {And they were commanded not, but that they should

worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone, and perform

Prayer and give Zakah}. (Al-Bayyinah, 5)

Allah innovated the Creation

A —Allah the Almighty says: {And We created not the heavens and
the earth, and all that is between them, for mere play. We created
them not except with truth (i.e. to examine and test those who
are obedient and those who are disobedient and then reward the
obedient ones and punish the disobedient ones), but most of them
know not}. (Ad-Dukhan, 38-39)
He says also: {And We created not the heaven and the earth and
all that is between them without purpose! That is the
consideration of those who disbelieve!}. (Sad. 27)
He says also: {And Allah has created the heavens and the earth
with truth, in order that each person may be recompensed what
he has earned,
and they will not be wronged}.(Al-Jathiyah, 22)
He says also: {And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind
except that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any
provision from them (i.e. provision for themselves or for My
creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me (i.e. feed
themselves or My creatures). Verily, Allah is the All-Provider,

owner of Power, the Most Strong}. (Ad-Dhariyat, 56-58)


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