If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for ‘Umrah, he should take off his clothing and bathe as he would in order to purify himself from a state of Janaabah13 if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best perfume he can find14. There is no harm in what remains of it on his body after wearing the Ihraam. Bathing for Ihraam is Sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. After bathing and preparing himself, a pilgrim, other than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer if it is its time. Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rak‘ahs of wudoo´.
“Labbaika ‘Umratan. Labbaik-Allaahumma labbaik.
Labbaika laa shareeka laka labbaik. Inn-al-hamda wanni’mata
laka wal-mulk. Laa shareeka lak.”
“Here I am at your service for ‘Umrah. Here I am at
your service, Oh Allah, here I am at your service. Here I
am at your service. You have no partner. Here I am at
your service. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is
yours, and you have no partner.”
A man should raise his voice when saying this, while a woman should only say it loud enough that the person beside her may hear.
One in Ihraam should say the Talbiyyah as often as possible, especially when times and places change, such as when descending or ascending during travel or when day or night approach. He should also ask Allah for His pleasure, for Heaven, and seek refuge in Allah’s mercy from Hellfire. One should say the Talbiyyah during ‘Umrah, starting from the time he puts on his Ihraam till he starts Tawaaf. During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on his Ihraam till he starts to stone Jamrah al-’Aqabah on the day of Eid. When a pilgrim enters the Holy Masjid, he puts forth his right foot first and says:
“Bismillahi, was-Salaatu was-Salaamu ‘alaa rasoolillaah.
Allahumm-aghfir li, waftahli abwaaba rahmatik.
A‘oodhu billah-il-‘Adheem, wa bi wajhih-il-Kareem, wa
bi sultaanih-il-Qadeem min ash-Shaytaan-ir-Rajeem.”
“In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon
the Messenger of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins
and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in
Allah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His
Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan.”
He should approach the Black Stone, touch it with his right hand and kiss it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it [with his hand]. It is best not to push, shove, and crowd, causing harm and being harmed by other people.
When touching the Stone, the pilgrim should say the following:
“Bismillahi, Allahu Akbar. Allahumma Eemaanan bika
wa tasdeeqan bi kitaabik, wa wafaa`an bi ‘ahdik, wattibaa’an
li sunnati nabiyyika Muhammad.
“In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah,
with faith in You, belief in Your Book, loyalty to you, and
in compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad.
The pilgrim must then walk [around the Ka’bah], keeping it on his left (counter clockwise). When he reaches the Rukn al-Yamani (the Yemeni Corner – the corner before the corner of the Black Stone) he should touch, but not kiss it, saying:
“Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanah, wa fil-aakhirati
hasanah, wa qinaa ‘adhaab-an-naar. Allahumma inni
as`aluka al-‘afwa wal-‘aafiyyah fid-dunyaa walaakhirah.”
“Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the
hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell
fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health
and safety in this life and in the Hereafter.”
Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say, “Allahu Akbar.” During the remainder of his Tawaaf, he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of the Qur`aan. This is because the Tawaaf, the Sa’yi, and the stoning of the Jamaraat have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allah. During this Tawaaf it is necessary for men to do two things:
1. Al-Idtibaa’ from the beginning of Tawaaf until the end. Al- Idtibaa’ means placing the middle of one’s Ridaa’under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder (thus uncovering his right shoulder). When he is finished performing Tawaaf, he may return his Ridaa’ to its original state because the time for Idtibaa’ is only during Tawaaf.
2. Ar-Raml during the first three circuits. Ar-Raml means to speed up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits. When he completes seven circuits of Tawaaf, he should approach the Maqam Ibraaheem [Station of Ibraaheem] and recite:
“Wat-takhidhu mim-maqaami Ibraaheema Musallaa.”
“And take the station of Ibraaheem as a place of Prayer.”
[Surah al-Baqarah (2):125]
He prays two short Rak‘ahs, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibraahim. During the first Rak‘ah, he should recite
Surah al-Kaafiroon [Surah 109], and during the second Rak‘ah Surah al-lkhlaas [Surah 112]. When he completes the two Rak‘ahs, he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He should then proceed to the Mas‘aa18, and when he nears as-Safaa, he should recite:
“Innas-Safaa wal-Marwata min Sha‘aa`ir-illah.”
“Verily As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines
of Allah.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):158]
He should ascend as-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka’bah. Facing the Ka’bah and raising his hands, he should praise Allah and make any supplications he wishes. The Prophet prayed thus:
“Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahulmulku
wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay`in qadeer.
Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdahu, anjaza wa’dah, wa
nasara ‘abdah, wa hazam-al-ahzaaba wahdah.”
“Abda`u bimaa bada`u bih-illaah.”
“I start with that with which Allah started.”
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.”
“There is no Deity worthy of worship but Allah alone,
without any partners, His is all dominion and praise, and
He is Able to do all things. There is no Deity worthy of
worship but Allah alone, without any partners, He fulfilled
His promise, brought victory to His slave, and single-
handedly defeated the allied forces [who fought
against the Prophet.”
He would say this three times, supplicating [with what he willed] in between. He should descend from as-Safaa and head for al-Marwah at a normal pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run as fast as he is able until he reaches the next green marker. He continues toward al-Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he should ascend it, face the Qiblah , raise his hands and repeat what he said on as-Safaa. He should then descend al- Marwah and head towards as-Safaa, taking care to walk where walking is designateds and to run where running is designated. He continues this procedure until he completes seven circuits. Going from as-Safaa to al-Marwah is considered to be one circuit and returning is another. During his Sa’yi, he may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of Qur`aan, and mentioning of Allah. Upon completion of the Sa’yi, he should shave his head. A woman should clip her hair the length of a finger tip.
Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near and there is not sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case, it is best to clip so that hair will remain for shaving during Hajj. With that, the ‘Umrah is completed, and a pilgrim is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, [and all other things which were prohibited for him during Ihraam].