To know about Islam

Day: April 29, 2012

Umrah


                     If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for ‘Umrah, he should take off his clothing and bathe as he would in order to purify himself from a state of Janaabah13 if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best perfume he can find14. There is no harm in what remains of it on his body after wearing the Ihraam. Bathing for Ihraam is Sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. After bathing and preparing himself, a pilgrim, other than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer if it is its time. Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rak‘ahs of wudoo´.

When he finishes the prayer, he should say [the Talbiyyah]:

“Labbaika ‘Umratan. Labbaik-Allaahumma labbaik.

Labbaika laa shareeka laka labbaik. Inn-al-hamda wanni’mata

laka wal-mulk. Laa shareeka lak.”

“Here I am at your service for ‘Umrah. Here I am at

your service, Oh Allah, here I am at your service. Here I

am at your service. You have no partner. Here I am at

your service. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is

yours, and you have no partner.”

A man should raise his voice when saying this, while a woman should only say it loud enough that the person beside her may hear.

One in Ihraam should say the Talbiyyah as often as possible, especially when times and places change, such as when descending or ascending during travel or when day or night approach. He should also ask Allah for His pleasure, for Heaven, and seek refuge in Allah’s mercy from Hellfire. One should say the Talbiyyah during ‘Umrah, starting from the time he puts on his Ihraam till he starts Tawaaf. During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on his Ihraam till he starts to stone Jamrah al-’Aqabah on the day of Eid. When a pilgrim enters the Holy Masjid, he puts forth his right foot first and says:

“Bismillahi, was-Salaatu was-Salaamu ‘alaa rasoolillaah.

Allahumm-aghfir li, waftahli abwaaba rahmatik.

A‘oodhu billah-il-‘Adheem, wa bi wajhih-il-Kareem, wa

bi sultaanih-il-Qadeem min ash-Shaytaan-ir-Rajeem.”

“In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon

the Messenger of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins

and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in

Allah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His

Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan.”

He should approach the Black Stone, touch it with his right hand and kiss it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it [with his hand]. It is best not to push, shove, and crowd, causing harm and being harmed by other people.

When touching the Stone, the pilgrim should say the following:

 “Bismillahi, Allahu Akbar. Allahumma Eemaanan bika

wa tasdeeqan bi kitaabik, wa wafaa`an bi ‘ahdik, wattibaa’an

li sunnati nabiyyika Muhammad.

“In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah,

with faith in You, belief in Your Book, loyalty to you, and

in compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad.

The pilgrim must then walk [around the Ka’bah], keeping it on his left (counter clockwise). When he reaches the Rukn al-Yamani (the Yemeni Corner – the corner before the corner of the Black Stone) he should touch, but not kiss it, saying:

 “Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanah, wa fil-aakhirati

hasanah, wa qinaa ‘adhaab-an-naar. Allahumma inni

as`aluka al-‘afwa wal-‘aafiyyah fid-dunyaa walaakhirah.”

“Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the

hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell

fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health

and safety in this life and in the Hereafter.”

Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say, “Allahu Akbar.” During the remainder of his Tawaaf, he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of the Qur`aan. This is because the Tawaaf, the Sa’yi, and the stoning of the Jamaraat have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allah. During this Tawaaf it is necessary for men to do two things:

1. Al-Idtibaa’ from the beginning of Tawaaf until the end. Al- Idtibaa’ means placing the middle of one’s Ridaa’under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder (thus uncovering his right shoulder). When he is finished performing Tawaaf, he may return his Ridaa’ to its original state because the time for Idtibaa’ is only during Tawaaf.

2. Ar-Raml during the first three circuits. Ar-Raml means to speed up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits. When he completes seven circuits of Tawaaf, he should approach the Maqam Ibraaheem [Station of Ibraaheem] and recite:

 “Wat-takhidhu mim-maqaami Ibraaheema Musallaa.”

“And take the station of Ibraaheem as a place of Prayer.”

[Surah al-Baqarah (2):125]

He prays two short Rak‘ahs, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibraahim. During the first Rak‘ah, he should recite

Surah al-Kaafiroon [Surah 109], and during the second Rak‘ah Surah al-lkhlaas [Surah 112]. When he completes the two Rak‘ahs, he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He should then proceed to the Mas‘aa18, and when he nears as-Safaa, he should recite:

“Innas-Safaa wal-Marwata min Sha‘aa`ir-illah.”

“Verily As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines

of Allah.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):158]

He should ascend as-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka’bah. Facing the Ka’bah and raising his hands, he should praise Allah and make any supplications he wishes. The Prophet prayed thus:

 “Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahulmulku

wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay`in qadeer.

Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdahu, anjaza wa’dah, wa

nasara ‘abdah, wa hazam-al-ahzaaba wahdah.”

“Abda`u bimaa bada`u bih-illaah.”

“I start with that with which Allah started.”

 “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.”

 “There is no Deity worthy of worship but Allah alone,

without any partners, His is all dominion and praise, and

He is Able to do all things. There is no Deity worthy of

worship but Allah alone, without any partners, He fulfilled

His promise, brought victory to His slave, and single-

handedly defeated the allied forces [who fought

against the Prophet.”

                                         He would say this three times, supplicating [with what he willed] in between. He should descend from as-Safaa and head for al-Marwah at a normal pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run as fast as he is able until he reaches the next green marker. He continues toward al-Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he should ascend it, face the Qiblah , raise his hands and repeat what he said on as-Safaa. He should then descend al- Marwah and head towards as-Safaa, taking care to walk where walking is designateds and to run where running is designated. He continues this procedure until he completes seven circuits. Going from as-Safaa to al-Marwah is considered to be one circuit and returning is another. During his Sa’yi, he may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of Qur`aan, and mentioning of Allah. Upon completion of the Sa’yi, he should shave his head. A woman should clip her hair the length of a finger tip.

Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near and there is not sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case, it is best to clip so that hair will remain for shaving during Hajj. With that, the ‘Umrah is completed, and a pilgrim is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, [and all other things which were prohibited for him during Ihraam].

The Hajj

In the forenoon of the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah, the pilgrim should purify himself once again by bathing, as he did before ‘Umrah, in the place where he is staying if convenient. He should put on his Ihraam and say:
لبيك اللهم حجا. لبيك اللهم لبيك. لبيك لا شريك لك لبيك. إن
الحمد والنعمة لك والملك. لا شريك لك.
“Labbaika Hajjan. Labbaik-Allahumma Labbaik. Labbaika
laa shareeka laka labbaik. Inn-al-hamda wanni’mata
laka wal-mulk. Laa shareeka lak.”
“Here I am at your service for Hajj. Here I am at your service, oh Allah, here I am at your service. Here I am at your service. You have no partner. Here I am at your service. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partners.”
If he fears that something will prevent him from completing his
Hajj he should make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying:
« و إن حبسني حابس، فمحلي من حيث حبستني »
“Wa in habasani haabisun, fa mahalli haythu habastani.”
“If I am prevented by any obstacle, my place is wherever
I am held up.”
If he has no such fear, he does not make this condition.
A pilgrim should then proceed to Minaa, and there he should pray the Dhuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, ‘Ishaa and Fajr prayer, shortening his four unit prayers so as to make them two units each, but without combining them.
When the sun rises, he should proceed to ‘Arafah, and there he should combine the Dhuhr and ‘Asr prayer at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two units. He should remain in the Masjid of Namirah until sunset if possible. He should mention Allah and make as many supplications as possible while facing the Qiblah.
The Prophet  prayed thus:
لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير
“Laa Ilaaha ill-Allah wahdahu laa shareeka lah. Lah-ul-
Mulku wa lah-ul-hamd, wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shay`in
Qadeer.”
“There is no Deity but Allah alone. He has no partner.
All dominion and praise are His, and He is powerfulover all things.”
If he grows weary, it is permissible for him to engage in beneficial conversation with his companions or reading what he can find of beneficial books, especially those concerning Allah’s Grace and abundant gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allah.
He should then return to his supplications and be sure to spend the end of the day deep in supplication because the best of supplication
is the supplication of the day of Arafah.
At sunset he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah, and there prays Maghrib, ‘Ishaa, and Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible for him to combine the Maghrib and ‘Ishaa prayers.
If he fears that he will not reach Muzdalifah until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it for it is not permissible to delay ‘Ishaa prayer until after midnight. He should remain there in Muzdalifah, making supplication and mentioning Allah till just
before sunrise. If he is weak and cannot handle the crowd during ar-Ramy, it is permissible for him to go to Minaa at the end of the night to stone the Jamrah before the arrival of the crowd.
Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes from Muzdalifah to Minaa. Upon reaching it he should do the following.
a) He should throw seven consecutive pebbles at Jamrah al- ‘Aqabah which is the closest monument to Makkah, saying, “Allahu Akbar,” with each throw.
b) He should slaughter the sacrificial animal, eat some of it, and give some to the poor. Slaughtering is obligatory on the Mutamati’ and the Qaarin.
c) He should shave or clip his hair, while shaving is preferable. A woman should clip her hair the length of a finger tip.
These three should be done in the above order if convenient, but there is no restriction if one precedes another. With that, one is allowed to come out of Ihraam. He may wear other clothing and do everything that was lawful before the Ihraam, except engaging in marital relations.
He should then go to Makkah to perform Tawaaf al-Ifaadah and the Sa’yi of Hajj [if he had not performed the Sa’yi of Hajj upon entering Makkah]. It is Sunnah to perfume oneself on before going to Makkah. With the completion of this Tawaaf and Sa’yi, a pilgrim is allowed to do everything that was lawful before Ihraam, including engaging in marital relations.
After performing Tawaaf and Sa’yi, he should return to Minaa to spend the nights of the eleventh and twelfth days there.

He stones the three Jamaraat in the afternoon of both the eleventh and twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is furthest from Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly Jamrah al- ‘Aqabah. Each one should be stoned consecutively with seven
pebbles, accompanied by the Takbeer. He should stop after the first and middle Jamrah to make supplication while facing the
Qiblah. It is not permissible to stone before noon on these two days. It is also best to walk to the Jamrah, but riding is permissible.
If one is in a hurry after the stoning on the twelfth day, he may leave Minaa before sunset. But if they wish to prolong their stay,
which is best, they should spend the night of the thirteenth in Minaa and stone the Jamaraat that afternoon in the same manner
as on the twelfth day. When they are ready to return to their country, they should make
Tawaaf al-Wadaa’, which is seven circuits around the Ka’bah. Menstruating women and women experiencing postnatal discharge
are not obligated to perform Tawaaf al-Wadaa’.

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